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Creating a Security Plan: Policies, Procedures & Countermeasures

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Public transit remains a safe and secure way to travel. Transit travel has about a tenth the traffic casualty rate as automobiles as well as a lower crime rate than automobile travel. Transit agencies can communicate these statistics to the public while taking a proactive approach to enhancing transit safety. Creating a Safety or Security Plan can improve security and prevent violence/crime, a theme at this year’s RTAP training during the 2016 Conference & Expo.

A security plan is a written document containing information about an organization’s security policies, procedures, and countermeasures (NCHRP). The document provides a clear and concise description of agency security requirements. In 2003, the DOT & FTA created the SSEPP (The Public Transportation System Security and Emergency Preparedness Planning Guide), a document intended to be dynamic and constantly changing/updating with the following statement of purpose, “COMMIT to a program that enables the public transportation system to”:

  • PREVENT incidents within its control and responsibility, effectively protect critical assets;

  • RESPOND decisively to events that cannot be prevented, mitigate loss, and protect employees, passengers, and emergency responders;

  • SUPPORT response to events that impact local communities, integrating equipment and capabilities seamlessly into the total effort; and

  • RECOVER from major events, taking full advantage of available resources and programs

The benefits of a Security Plan include preventing potential security risks and mitigating existing ones. NCHRP notes other benefits:

  • Defines resource requirements for staffing and equipment

  • Coordinates the activity of different departments and functions

  • Establishes action steps for employees in response to an incident

  • Promotes understanding of the issues involved during a crisis

  • Identifies information requirements for security incidents

  • Promotes a sense of ownership and buy-in by employees

  • Ensures a clear division of tasks and responsibilities

  • Identifies training requirements

A security plan can include these four elements, as described in the TCRP Report 86, Volume 10: Hazard and Security Plan Workshop and shown in the graphic below:

  1. Establishing priorities,

  2. Organizing roles and responsibilities,

  3. Selecting countermeasures and strategies, and

  4. Maintaining the plan


Once your plan is created, leave room to update and expand as needed. The NCHRP Report, Security 101: A Physical Security Primer for Transportation Agencies, details the above mentioned Security Plan plus risk management, countermeasures, training and more. Plus, LOTS (Locally Operated Transit Systems) are required to attend RTAP training on Thursday, September 28th regarding this topic. A session description is below:

Securing Community Mobility (Train-the-Trainer)

Thursday, September 29, 2016--8:30 a.m. – 3:30 p.m.

This training will discuss potential threats to community transportation systems and will provide attendees with techniques for improving security and preventing crime and acts of violence against the system, passengers, and themselves.  Emphasis is placed on employee preparation for the workday, workplace violence prevention, and increasing transportation security.  Attendees are trained to use common sense and to observe and report received threats or dangerous events so that operation can run safely, smoothly, and efficiently.  Attendance is mandatory for all Local Operating Transit Systems (LOTS).  This is an NTI course.   

| Categories: | Tags: RTAP, Security Plan, Transit Safety, How To, MD Transit, TAM, TAM Expo | View Count: (15570) | Return

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